Category Archives: General

Virtual Preservation Hard Hat Tour: 5 East Battery

While you’re stuck at home, we would like to share with you some of our favorite places in Charleston. Join the Preservation Society every week, as we share a virtual hard hat tour through some of Charleston’s most fascinating buildings.

The three story stuccoed brick house at 5 East Battery was built between 1847 and 1849 by John Ravenel, founder of one of the city’s leading shipping operations in the mid-nineteenth century. The house was later passed down to Ravenel’s son Dr. St. Julien Ravenel, a noted scientist who engineered torpedo boats during the Civil War, and led development of phosphate fertilizer in the Lowcountry. No. 5 East Battery remained in the hands of John Ravenel’s descendants until 1953.

Built in the Italianate Styleusing locally sourced brick, 5 East Battery features a prominent central bay, a rusticated ground floor, and a two-story piazza above a masonry arcade. Sustaining significant damage during the earthquake of 1886, the house underwent major restoration campaign that included replacement of paneled cornices and urn-like eave ornamentation with the current heavier Italianate entablature, and window cornices.

Share

Past PSC Advocacy Win: The Sergeant Jasper and 150 Wentworth Street

1949-1950 rendering of the Sergeant Jasper courtesy of PSC files.

Most Charlestonians are well-acquainted with the mid-century Sergeant Jasper apartment building that once stood at the corner of Broad Street and Lockwood Boulevard. Constructed in 1950, the 14-story building was demolished in 2018 to make way for the construction of an even larger mixed-use development, The Jasper. However, many do not know that the Sergeant Jasper was very nearly constructed at the northwest corner of Wentworth and Smith Streets in the heart of the Harleston Village Neighborhood. 

Just months after Charleston’s preservation community rallied to prevent the construction of a 7-story apartment building at 68 Meeting Street, the city’s Zoning Ordinance was met with yet another challenge. In late 1948, a request to rezone the property at 150 Wentworth Street to allow the construction of a 14-story apartment building, the Sergeant Jasper, was brought forward for public review.[1] At the time, the site was occupied by the c. 1840 Gustavus Memminger House. 

Gaining initial approval from the Planning and Zoning Commission, the application was referred to City Council and heard at the first meeting in January 1949. More than 50 residents attended to oppose the project and urge Council’s denial of the plan. At the meeting, Preservation Society founder Susan Pringle Frost defended the integrity of the Zoning Ordinance, saying that if an amendment is made to accommodate a single project “the entire ordinance might as well be thrown overboard.”[2] While Council ultimately gave first reading to the item, it was sent back to the Planning and Zoning Commission for further review.[3]

Because of strong community opposition, the Planning and Zoning Commission agreed to reconsider their initial approval, but were divided on how to proceed.[4] The contentious, late February meeting ended in deadlock, but resident voices grew louder in the coming weeks. As a result, the developer withdrew the application to construct the 14-story Sergeant Jasper apartment building on Wentworth Street.[5] A site with less direct impact on historic context was ultimately chosen at the west end of Broad Street on “7.4 acres of mud flat” owned by the City, and community opposition was quelled.[6]

The preservation community’s successful defense of the Zoning Ordinance that prevented the Sergeant Jasper’s construction at the far more inappropriate Wentworth Street location is a major win. However, it must also be noted that the Sergeant Jasper developers still managed to secure amendment of the ordinance in their favor to build the apartment tower on Broad Street. Further, the Greek Revival Style Gustavus Memminger House at 150 Wentworth Street spared from demolition in 1949 was ultimately demolished in 1956 and replaced with McAlister’s Mortuary designed by local architect Augustus Constantine.[7] Ironically, neither the 1950 Sergeant Jasper apartments nor the 1956 McAlister Mortuary stand today. Both have been demolished and redeveloped through highly controversial design review processes in the last decade. This cycle underscores the importance of both preservation and forward-thinking, sustainable development.


[1] Evening Post, December 21, 1948, p. 26.

[2] News and Courier, January 12, 1949, p. 4.

[3] News and Courier, January 24, 2949, p. 12.

[4] News and Courier, February 22, 1949, p. 1

[5] Evening Post, March 7, 1949, p. 1

[6] Evening Post, July 20, 1949, p. 1

[7] Stoney, This is Charleston, p. 112; Felzer, Avoiding the Theme Park: A Study of the Architecture of Augustus Edison Constantine, and the Need for Preservation Policy Reform in Charleston, South Carolina for the Twenty First Century, p. 147.

Share

Past PSC Advocacy Wins: The Lining House

Exterior, Before Restoration
Exterior, After Restoration

The Preservation Society of Charleston had a major hand in saving and restoring one of Charleston’s most significant colonial structures, the John Lining House at 106 Broad Street. Built before 1715, the two-and-one-half story house holds claim to distinction as the oldest frame structure in Charleston. [1]

The cypress structural members, beaded siding, front door architrave, and dormers reflect rather advanced building methods and architecture for its time. The house will forever be associated with John Lining, an apothecary and meteorologist, who was the first person to conduct systematic weather observations in America and corresponded with Benjamin Franklin on scientific matters.[2] However, little evidence suggests Dr. Lining lived at 106 Broad Street, which was owned by his wife’s family in the mid-18th century.  Between 1783 and 1793, the building housed the Gazette of the State of South Carolina, and in the 1780s, served as the apothecary of Dr. Andrew Turnbull.[3]

By the mid-twentieth century, the building had fallen into disrepair and was slated to be razed to create additional parking spaces for businesses near the corner of King and Broad Streets. In March of 1961, over 200 members of the Preservation Society of Charleston came together and voted unanimously to purchase and restore the John Lining House to save it from demolition. [4] The Society then moved swiftly to launch a campaign to raise the necessary funds, hosting an initial open house to allow the public to inspect the building and learn about plans for its restoration. Nearly 300 concerned citizens attended the event, and within days, more than fifty individual contributors to the Lining House fund were listed in the Charleston News & Courier.[5]

The Society took the approach of restoring the building by removing later additions and alterations, including the non-original storefront, and reconstructing elements to their historic appearance.[6] By the early 1970s, the Lining House was sold as a single-family residence with a covenant, held by the Preservation Society, to protect the building’s exterior in perpetuity, and today serves as offices for a local law firm. Due to the grassroots efforts of the Preservation Society, the John Lining House was successfully preserved and continues to serve as important tangible record of Charleston’s early history.  

Interior, during restoration 
Interior, after restoration 

[1] Poston, Jonathan, The Buildings of Charleston (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1997), 203.

[2] Stockton, Robert, “Preservationists Sell House for $55,000,” News and Courier , October, 19, 2972.

[3] Poston, Buildings, 203.

[4] Viele, Charles, “Preservation Society to Buy and Restore Lining House,” News and Courier, March 3, 1961.

[5] “300 persons Brave Rain As Lining House Opens,” News and Courier, March 19, 1961.

[6] Stockton, “Preservationists Sell House for $55,000,” 1972.

Share

Humane Principles of Good Buildings: Rhythm & Transparency

For Preservation Month, the PSC is sharing two principles of good buildings weekly that can be observed and measured within the built environment. They are intended to provide touch-points for the conversation about architecture and the human response that it provokes. This study shows us how common characteristics of buildings have transcended stylistic, chronological, and typological boundaries, and contributed to the ongoing effort to “make our existence not only visible, but meaningful.”

Rhythm

Rhythm applied to architecture refers to the regular or harmonious recurrence of lines, shapes, forms, and details. It incorporates repetition and spacing as a fundamental device to create visual organization. Studies of human perception, including Gestalt theory, show that the mind and eye actually seek some type of organization in order to relate various elements. Viewers are uncomfortable with confusion or unrelated chaos. The mind tends to group items that are close to each other, whether they are objects, or the spaces between objects. Almost all buildings incorporate elements that are by their very nature repetitive. For example, windows and doors repeatedly puncture a building’s surface to allow light and access. When these elements are considered together, they have the potential to create visual rhythm. The result can enliven a surface that is too blank, measure a surface too long, and create visual unity over the façade of the structure. Architectural elements chosen to repeat on a façade, whether a massing form or detail element, can be strong components to provide rhythm and become a primary characteristic of the building’s identity.

Transparency

Building façades for commercial buildings should have large window areas to share the building’s interior activities with the street. Windows and doors narrate the uses inside the building to the observer and are a measure of how public or private these uses are intended to be. For example, storefront windows at street level are necessarily more expansive, suggesting common uses, while upper levels are smaller, indicating more private uses. The design of storefronts in particular can enhance pedestrian activity. Commercial and mixed-use buildings should provide a high level of transparency at the street level in order to visually connect activities within and outside of the building. Seen from the outside, it is the openings in a wall that create one of the strongest visual impacts beyond the wall itself. As design elements, windows and doors provide the opportunity to accomplish many of the other façade principles while at the same time linking the building to the human perception of its use.

Share

Virtual Preservation Hard Hat Tour: 288 King Street

While you’re stuck at home, we would like to share with you some of our favorite places in Charleston. Join the Preservation Society every week, as we share a virtual hard hat tour through some of Charleston’s most fascinating buildings.

Many have noticed the interruption in the sidewalk at 288 King Street, where a concrete container and bracing system were set up to secure the building in 2017 after the owners observed a shift in the front façade. With the help of a structural engineer, it was discovered that the façade was not connectedto the flooring system and pulling away from the building toward King Street. Through a collaborative effort involving the contractor, architect, and engineers, a creative solution was designed to save the façade. A new interior structural system was constructed and tied into the façade, and an additional column was incorporated into the storefront to help support the weight of the façade above.

In 2019, the project reached a very exciting milestone. The bracing system was removed and the façade is now able to support itself. The PSC commends the project team of Bill Huey + Associates and Renew Urban Charleston for taking on a building in such critical condition and going to great lengths to preserve this distinctive King Street façade.

Share

Civil Rights Research Internship

SUMMER 2020 – ONE POSITION AVAILABLE

The Preservation Society of Charleston (PSC) is seeking one paid intern for summer 2020 (up to 30 hours per week for 10 weeks from Tuesday, June 2 – Friday, August 7) to work in support of the PSC’s ongoing civil rights research and mapping initiative, the Charleston Justice Journey (CJJ). Through the CJJ, the PSC seeks to highlight sites important to the journey toward equality in Charleston and convey the relationship of these sites to the historic built environment.

Project-specific duties will include archival research, data collection in the field, photography, community outreach, content development, and associated administrative duties. Educational value to the intern will include: experience working closely with PSC staff and community partners to shape and advance the CJJ, opportunity to conduct independent, academic research and develop content for the CJJ website, and the ability to attend unique site visits citywide.

Eligibility:

  • – All candidates must be currently pursuing, or in recent receipt of, a degree in history, historic preservation, planning, urban studies or a related field.
  • – Applicants must be proficient in historical and archival research methods.
  • – Strong verbal and written communication skills are required.
  • – Ideal candidates will demonstrate an ability to collaborate and achieve results with supervision, including ability to interact professionally with key internal and external stakeholders as needed.

The intern will report to the Manager of Preservation Initiatives in support of internship tasks. The position will receive compensation of $12.00 per hour, which will be paid every two weeks over the duration of the internship. Please submit applications consisting of a brief cover letter, a resume, one academic or professional reference, and an academic writing sample. All files to be submitted in a single document by Monday March 30, 2020 to Anna-Catherine Carroll, Manager of Preservation Initiatives, at accarroll@preservationsociety.org. No phone calls please.

Learn more about the Charleston Justice Journey by visiting: https://charlestonjusticejourney.org/

Share

66th Carolopolis Award Recipients

1 Broad Street
Owner: Mark Beck
Architect: Bill Huey + Associates
Contractor: NBM Construction
(Pro Merito Award and Interior Carolopolis Award)

Designed in the Renaissance Revival style by notable antebellum Charleston architectural firm Jones and Lee, the three-story brownstone building at 1 Broad Street was constructed in 1853 as the headquarters for the State Bank of South Carolina. Sustaining damage from Civil War shelling and the earthquake of 1886, the building underwent a series of renovations over the course of the 19th and 20th centuries. 1 Broad was first presented with a Carolopolis Award following a 1978-1980 renovation.

Completed in 2017, this major exterior and interior rehabilitation brought use back to one of Charleston’s most notable corner buildings after more than a decade of vacancy. The project included extensive structural reinforcement, stabilization and repair of exterior brownstone finishes and the cast-iron cornice, as well as comprehensive restoration of original exterior and interior finishes informed by paint analysis.

 

5 St. Teresa Drive
Owner: Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church
Architect: Glick-Boehm & Associates, Inc.
Contractor: Magee Ratcliff Construction, LLC
(Exterior Carolopolis Award)

One of West Ashley’s most iconic buildings, the Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church building was constructed in 1962-1963 as the first permanent house of worship for the congregation. Incorporating Mid-Century Modern detailing, the building was designed with two 65-foot steeples toppled during Hurricane Hugo in 1989. Nearly 30 years later, these character-defining elements were reconstructed to restore the church’s historic appearance.

Working from the original 1960s drawings and period photographs, the project team designed new, custom-built steeples installed in August, 2019. The reconstructed steeples match the historic steeples in height and reflect the same star shaped profile. In keeping with the original design intent, and to better protect against potential wind damage, the new steeples were constructed of a fiberglass shell over a structural steel frame.

9 Price’s Alley
Owner: Michael Sweat and Michael Tuscan
Architect: Clark-Glidewell/Architect, Christopher Rose Architects
Landscape Architect: Wertimer + Cline
Contractor: Renaissance South Construction Company
(Exterior Carolopolis Award)

The residence at 9 Price’s Alley is comprised of a 1938 masonry garage structure and a 1974 addition designed by noted 20th century Charleston architect, W.G. Clark. Though not yet technically deemed historic at just under 50 years old, the 1974 addition was treated sensitively through the recent rehabilitation of the property in recognition of its significance as W.G. Clark’s first design constructed in Charleston.

As part of this project, the west wall of the addition was stabilized and the entire exterior re-stuccoed in keeping with the smooth, concrete finish originally intended for the modern addition. Distinctive, 14-foot, metal Hope’s windows and doors were carefully restored and reinstalled, and masonry on the 1938 portion of the building was repointed. A minimally visible, copper-clad addition was also incorporated emulating the curved design concept that characterizes the 1974 addition.

9 Stoll’s Alley
Owner: Ann and John Kulze
Architect: Tyler A. Smyth Architects
Contractor: Buckley-Green Construction, Inc.
(Exterior Carolopolis Award)

Constructed circa 1760, the one-and-one-half-story brick dwelling at 9 Stoll’s Alley is thought to be one of the earliest masonry buildings in the city. Notably, the first decorative gate crafted by celebrated Charleston ironworker, Philip Simmons, is installed adjacent to the main entrance at 9 Stoll’s Alley.

Earning the State Historic Rehabilitation Tax Credit, the project included careful cleaning and recoating of the historic terne metal roof, removal of window air-conditioning units and restoration of all historic window sashes, siding, and trim. A post-Hurricane Hugo porch enclosure was re-worked with a small rear addition under a low-sloped standing seam metal roof.

 

10 Elmwood Avenue
Owner: Kimberly Harvey
Designer: Naseem Keshmirian
Contractor: Rockwell Construction
(Exterior Carolopolis Award)

The two-and-one-half-story wood-frame house at 10 Elmwood Avenue was constructed in 1917 by the J.K. Nettles development company. Although subject to a series of insensitive alterations, termite damage, and wood rot, 10 Elmwood Avenue retained much of its original fabric, including exposed rafter tails and other early Craftsman style detail.

While outside of the BAR’s purview, the property was renovated within the framework established by the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation. In reopening the two-story porch enclosure on the front façade, historic brick piers were preserved and lost detail was restored based on comparable neighborhood examples. The scope of work also included substantial foundation repair, the removal of window air-conditioning units and a non-historic metal stair, repair and in-kind replacement of wood Dutch lap siding, and restoration of original windows.

10 Limehouse Street
Owner: Meg and Jordan Phillips
Architect: e. e. fava architects, etc.
Landscape Architect: Glen R. Gardner Landscape Architect
Contractor: Tupper Builders, Inc.
(Exterior Carolopolis Award)

Constructed in 1858 for prominent cotton exchange broker William Pinckney Shingler, the late Greek Revival style masonry residence at 10 Limehouse Street is noted for its ornate entry door surround and masked, double-tiered piazza. The property extends from Limehouse to Greenhill Streets and includes a dependency at the rear.

At the beginning of the 2017-2018 project, the building’s structural integrity was threatened by severe mortar deterioration that necessitated the repointing of nearly 90% of the masonry. The original form of the piazza was also restored with the removal of second-story infill, and full-height triple-hung windows opening onto the piazza were repaired and returned to operability. Additionally, brownstone sills were restored, and a new slate roof was installed to match the original roof lost after Hurricane Hugo.

 

15 Thomas Street
Owner: Kim and Eric Strickland
Architect: e. e. fava architects, etc.
Contractor: C. B. Elrod Co. Construction
(Pro Merito Award)

The two-and-one-half story Greek Revival style house at 15 Thomas Street was constructed circa 1840, along with its sister house at 86 Warren Street. Named for the original owner, the Samuel Sage Mills House was initially presented with a Carolopolis Award in 1977.

The purpose of this project was to reconstruct the double-tiered, south-facing piazza, lost sometime in the mid-to-late-twentieth century. Restoring the house to its original configuration, historic photographs were referenced to reproduce the bracketed eave detail and turned balusters. Wood siding and windows were repaired or replaced in-kind with newly milled mahogany custom made to match the original.

 

16 Percy Street
Owner: Charlie and Kathryn Tanksley
Designer: New World Byzantine, Andrew Gould
Contractor: Flyway SC LLC
(Exterior Carolopolis Award and Carolopolis Award for New Construction)

Constructed in the 1880s, the two-story wood frame single house at 16 Percy Street was long utilized as a duplex and underwent a series of insensitive alterations in the twentieth-century. As part of the recent rehabilitation project, 16 Percy Street was converted to a single-family residence and a new dependency was constructed fronting Bogard Street.

Rehabilitation of the historic single house included stabilization of the piazza and preservation or in-kind replacement of intact wood siding, concealed beneath later aluminum siding. Non-historic metal windows were replaced with traditional wood windows and surviving detail informed the reconstruction of original sill and casing profiles. Designed to address Bogard Street, the new, modestly scaled cottage reflects local vernacular forms and works effectively to complete this historic streetscape.

 

17 Trumbo Street
Owner: Beckie and Scott Hoffman
Architect: LFA Architecture
Contractor: Stono Construction
(Carolopolis Award for New Construction)

Constructed in 2018-2019, 17 Trumbo Street is a contemporary Charleston single house designed specifically to meet FEMA elevation requirements while respecting the surrounding context. Elevated with a full ground floor story, multiple creative architectural techniques are employed to lessen the appearance of the building’s height and differentiate it as new construction.

Drawing from examples of historic ground floor treatments in Charleston, the height of 17 Trumbo Street’s raised foundation is mitigated by traditionally-scaled foundation openings and a piazza entry door at the pedestrian level. Further, a low-sloped hipped roof allows for minimized roof height, and modern shiplap siding with woven corners subtly distinguishes the house as new construction.

 

17-19 Ashton Street
Owner: Brett and Kaila Dorval (17 Ashton), Melissa Walker (19 Ashton)
Architect: Julia F. Martin Architects
Contractor: Southeastern Construction
Developer: JJR Development, LLC, Jeffrey Roberts
(Exterior Carolpolis Award)

The Charleston Single House and Freedman’s Cottage at 17 and 19 Ashton Street date to the late-19th and early-20th centuries, respectively, and each suffered numerous insensitive alterations in later years. Through the extensive 2017-2019 restoration, the two properties were elevated to meet FEMA requirements, while intact historic material was preserved and lost detail restored.

As part of the project, inappropriate, non-historic additions were removed from the rear of both 17 and 19 Ashton Street and replaced with more sensitive, subordinate footprints. Replacement vinyl siding and windows were restored to wood, and historic siding was preserved or replaced in-kind. Non-historic roofs on both buildings were replaced with more appropriate, hand-crimped, standing seam aluminum. Notably, 19 Ashton was returned to single-family use after years of occupation as a duplex.

 

19 King Street
Owner: Ed and Nancy Ross
Architect/Contractor: Meadors, Inc.
(Pro Merito Award)

The three-story residence at 19 King Street is attributed to architect and master builder Thomas Lee and was built for colonial judge Thomas Lamboll in the late 1730s. Between 1840-1850, alterations were made to reflect the Greek Revival style, including the fluted Doric columned piazza. The Thomas Lamboll House was awarded an exterior Carolopolis Award in 1967.

The rehabilitation completed in 2019 focused on addressing structural deficiencies and severely deteriorated historic elements. The foundation was extensively repointed and existing framing members were sistered, leaving historic material in-situ. Any architectural elements including balusters, rails, and columns, that were unable to be salvaged were carefully documented and replicated exactly. A one-story rear addition was also constructed as part of the project that is appropriately subordinate and compatible with the historic building.

 

25-29 Amherst Street
Owner: 25 Amherst Street LLC, 262 Ashley Avenue LLC
Architect: Julia F. Martin Architects
Contractor: Lumos Group
(Carolopolis Award for New Construction)

Constructed in 2019, 25, 27, and 29 Amherst Street form a trio of new dwellings that reflect the unique character and architectural history of the Eastside neighborhood, while clearly reading as new construction.

Each property consists of a two-family dwelling at the streetfront, with a smaller, single-family dwelling to the rear. The site plan is reflective of Charleston’s typical development pattern and at two-and-a-half stories, the front buildings are respectful to the height, scale, and mass of the existing streetscape. The architectural expression is a modern interpretation of the Carpenter Gothic style represented throughout the neighborhood in other historic sister house groupings. The project is both contextual and contemporary, presenting an excellent example of new construction infill in a residential setting.

 

33 New Street
Owner: Lawrence and Glenda Wetzel
Designer: American Vernacular, Julie O’Connor
Contractor: Tiller Construction Co.
(Exterior Carolopolis Award)

The two-and-a-half story side-hall plan house at 33 New Street was likely constructed between 1884-1886 under the ownership of Gertrude Hall, whose family owned Halls Manufacturing dealing in leather goods. Reflective of its time of construction, the house incorporates Italianate details, including elaborate door and window hoods and bracketed eaves.

During the recent rehabilitation project, 33 New Street was converted from three apartment units to a single-family residence and a comprehensive approach was taken to restore the exterior. Piazza elements were either repaired or replaced in-kind, the foundation was thoroughly repointed, and the unique entry railings and newel posts were repaired. Further, all historic windows and doors were refurbished and reinstalled, and the original chimneys were repointed and restuccoed.

 

35 Legare Street
Owner: Diana and Scott Cooper
Architect: Glenn Keyes Architects
Landscape Architect: Glen R. Gardner Landscape Architect
Contractor: Richard Marks Restorations
(Exterior Carolopolis Award)

Known as the Elizabeth Williams House, the two-and-a-half story wood frame residence at 35 Legare Street was constructed prior to 1790. The rear kitchen house also dates to the original period of construction. Numerous alterations were made in the late 19th century to reflect Victorian tastes, including the mansard roof and front bay windows.

The rehabilitation project focused on removing insensitive additions and restoring much of the house to its historic character. Through selective demolition, the third-floor bathroom addition, second floor piazza infill, and rear concrete stairs were removed, and the piazza was brought back to its original footprint. The exterior siding, trim, windows and doors were repaired and repainted, and the masonry at the chimneys and kitchen house were repointed.

 

70 Logan Street
Owner: Lawrence Thompson
Architect: LFA Architecture
Contractor: Richard Johnson Contracting LLC
(Pro Merito Award)

This masonry residence located at the corner of Logan and Queen Streets was constructed c.1840 and is one of the only antebellum houses on the block to survive the fire of 1861. The property was converted from two apartments to a single-family residence during a renovation in 1977, which subsequently earned a Carolopolis Award.

The priority of the 2017-2018 rehabilitation project was to rectify deferred maintenance and extensive water damage. Stucco was inspected and removed only where loose, to allow for the entire house to be recoated with a more historically appropriate finish, as well as for the stucco on the 1977 portion to be slightly differentiated to communicate it was a later addition. Though the terne metal roof was unfortunately beyond repair, it was replaced with a high-quality copper standing seam roof and the chimneys were repointed and restuccoed. Wood windows and doors were also repaired or appropriately replaced, and a second-floor porch addition with mahogany shutters was added to the rear.

 

92-A&B Spring Street
Owner: Olivia Froncillo (92-A Spring), David Seifarth (92-B Spring)
Architect: Julia F. Martin Architects
Contractor: Southeastern Construction
(Exterior Carolopolis Award)

The two single-story commercial structures at 92-A and 92-B Spring Street were built between 1907-1908 by Huldah J. Prioleau, one of the first female African American physicians in South Carolina. The building at 92-B Spring Street served as Prioleau’s office from 1908 until her retirement in 1934, while the neighboring building at 92-A was rented out as a barber shop. Throughout the 20th century, the two buildings housed local businesses, as well as a church and meeting space for the African American community in the Cannonborough/Elliottborough neighborhood.

Both buildings suffered a series of insensitive alterations, as well as a period of vacancy and neglect leading up to the recent rehabilitation project. By that point, the majority of the exterior historic fabric had been removed and openings had been reconfigured. The project sought to restore the original character to the greatest extent possible by reintroducing appropriate wood siding, windows, and doors. Of note, the front façade of 92-B Spring Street was opened up with a storefront designed to reflect similar neighborhood examples. The rehabilitation resulted in the return of vibrant commercial uses to these two significant, historic buildings.

 

100 Meeting Street
Owner: South Carolina Historical Society
Architect: Glenn Keyes Architects
Contractor: Richard Marks Restorations
Structural Engineer: 4SE
Exhibit Designers: Healy Kohler Design
(Pro Merito Award and Interior Carolopolis Award)

Known as the Fireproof Building, 100 Meeting Street was designed by renowned architect Robert Mills in 1822 as fireproof storage of state records for the Charleston District. True to its name, the building was constructed entirely of non-combustible materials, including brick, brownstone, and stucco. After housing a series of municipal uses, the building became the headquarters of the South Carolina Historical Society in the mid-20th century. The Fireproof Building was awarded an exterior Carolopolis Award in 1972 for a previous renovation.

The purpose of this project was to transform the Historical Society’s facilities from a small research library to a fully accessible museum, while simultaneously undertaking a comprehensive building rehabilitation. On the exterior, the main entry was relocated to the Washington Square elevation, where visitors now enter at the ground level through the glass-enclosed loggia. The new paint scheme on the outside of the building also now recalls the original exposed brownstone material, and windows and ironwork were returned to their original green color. On the interior, 20th century fixtures, bookshelves, and carpet were removed and an elevator was sensitively installed to avoid impacting historic, vaulted masonry construction. Historic interior shutters and wood flooring were also refurbished.

 

114 Broad Street
Owner: Roman Catholic Diocese of Charleston
Architect/Contractor: Meadors, Inc.
(Pro Merito Award)

 

The T-shaped, two-and-a-half story brick building at 114 Broad Street was completed by Colonel Thomas Pinckney in 1829. Standing on a high basement, the house is distinguished by a stone columned front portico and triple sash windows surmounted by marble lintels. The Pinckney family retained the property until 1866 when it was sold to the Roman Catholic Bishop of Charleston, and remains the residence for Charleston bishops to this day. The Colonel Thomas Pinckney House received previous Carolopolis Awards in 1968 and 1991.

Reinforcing the integrity of the structure and historic features was the primary focus of the recent rehabilitation project. Mortar analysis was conducted to inform the complete repointing of exterior masonry, and stucco was restored on the belt course wrapping the building. Original marble lintels were carefully removed and reset to correct their negative slope that had resulted in water intrusion, and all triple-hung windows were restored and repainted. Finally, the failing gutter system was removed to allow for the sistering of roof framing members and repair of the cornice, and the temporarily removed slate roofing was reinstalled as before.

 

193-199 Jackson Street
Owner: Mount Vernon Partners, LLC
Designer/Contractor: Brown-Glaws Contractors
(Exterior Carolopolis Award)

The four timber-framed Charleston Freedman’s Cottages at 193-199 Jackson Street were constructed circa 1891 and are significant as one of the most intact groupings of this vernacular house type citywide. In response to decades of vacancy and the threat of demolition, the Preservation Society listed the cottages as a Seven to Save site in 2011, leading to the successful nomination of the properties to the National Register of Historic Places.

Made eligible for State and Federal Historic Tax Credits by the National Register listing, the properties were rehabilitated according to the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for use as office and event space in 2018-2019. Due to the advanced deterioration of the cottages, project goals focused on stabilizing as much historic fabric as possible while reconstructing historic detail lost or beyond repair. While a majority of piazza elements and window sashes necessitated reconstruction, a significant level of original clapboard siding, and the original metal roof at 199 Jackson Street, were preserved and repaired in place.

 

1687 Fort Lamar Road
Owner: Caroline Forgason
Architect: Dufford Young Architects
Contractor: Artis Construction
(Exterior Carolopolis Award)

Built circa 1837, Secessionville Manor is a vernacular raised plantation style house designed in the Greek Revival style and defined by its unique U-shaped piazza with classical, square, fluted columns. The house was likely designed and built by Edward H. Freer, the only skilled carpenter living on James Island at the time, as a summer residence for cotton planter, Rawlins Rivers.

The highlight of the 2017-2019 rehabilitation project was the removal of inappropriate infill at bays below the porch, as well as the refenestration of the remaining infilled bays to reflect a more appropriate treatment. Also of note was the replacement of the non-historic 1/1 window within the gable with an elegant fanlight window. Other historic fabric including windows, doors, siding, trim, and roofing were repaired or replaced in-kind, and the porch structure was stabilized by repointing masonry piers, sistering historic frame members, and realigning skewed columns.

Share

The PSC is hiring a Marketing and Communications Coordinator

MARKETING AND COMMUNICATIONS COORDINATOR

Founded in 1920, the Preservation Society of Charleston (PSC) is the oldest grassroots preservation organization in the nation. The PSC serves as a strong advocacy leader for citizens concerned about preserving Charleston’s distinctive character, quality of life, and diverse neighborhoods. The Preservation Society is located in Charleston, South Carolina, and is a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization.

The PSC is seeking a Marketing and Communications Coordinator (MACC), responsible for the design and management of digital and printed communications. The MACC will report directly to the Director of Advocacy and Public Affairs and work closely with the Brand Manager. This position is designed as a learning role for an early career professional interested in developing a broad range of communications and graphic design skills.

RESPONSIBlLITIES

  • Create a yearly communications calendar for all digital and printed communications
  • Manage social media on all PSC social media platforms, and develop and execute a plan to grow the PSC’s digital audience
  • Monitor social media communication trends and propose new approaches to department leads
  • Develop and execute targeted online campaigns for the PSC’s Departments of Advocacy, Retail, Tours, and Advancement, under the direction of department leads
  • Lead the production of graphic design needs for electronic and print materials including but not limited to: Preservation Month, Carolopolis Awards, The Preservation Society Shop, advocacy campaigns, and membership collateral
  • Oversee the production of the PSC’s monthly digital e-newsletter, eProgress
  • Provide support to the Brand Manager in the production of priority printed materials, such as the PSC’s magazine, Preservation Progress
  • Create graphic design materials for events
  • Assist the Brand Manager in media relations efforts
  • Additional tasks as assigned

SKILLS AND EXPERIENCE

  • More than two years of experience in marketing and/or communications
  • Bachelor’s Degree (Master’s preferred) or equivalent combination of education and experience
  • Superb attention to detail
  • Strong familiarity with social media platforms, marketing campaigns, and general digital communication trends
  • Familiarity or interest in urban planning and preservation
  • Experience with Mailchimp, Adobe Creative Suite, WordPress, and other design programs a plus
  • A self-starter with enthusiasm for learning and growing professionally

This position will be required to work out of the PSC office in Charleston, South Carolina. All qualified candidates should apply by submitting a cover letter, resume, and a sample of your graphic design work via email to Jessica Cutler, Chief Operating Officer, at jcutler@preservationsociety.org by September 23, 2019. No telephone calls, please.

Share

The PSC is hiring a Director of Operations

Director of Operations

The Director of Operations (DO) oversees the day-to-day operation of the organization in support of annual objectives and long-term strategy. The DO is responsible for operations management, financial management, retail operations, human resources and staffing. The DO reports to the Executive Director.

The Fall Tours Manager and Accounting Staff report to this position. The DO works directly with the Director of Retail Operations and the Director of Advancement.
The key responsibilities of the Director of Operations are:

Operations Management

  • Directs the day-to-day ongoing business operations of the Society.
  • Improves the overall operating efficiency of the organization through standard operating procedures or the introduction of new methods for getting work accomplished.
  • Leads and brings together the necessary staff and resources to produce successful programs and events for the Society.
  • Working with Senior staff develops and manages the organizational calendar, and ensures successful planning and coordination of programs and events.

Financial Management

  • Working with the Executive Director, develops the annual budget and all detailed supporting exhibits.
  • Directs all activities related to financial reporting, forecasting and maintaining proper financial controls.
  • Manages all accounting functions including accounts payable and payroll.
  • Provides regular standardized reporting to the Executive Director, board and finance committee.
  • Provides forecasting and cash flow management

Retail Operations

  • Working with the Executive Director and Director of Retail Operations, develops annual and monthly goals for inventory, revenues and profit.
  • Closely monitors financial results from retail operations and insures goals are being met.
  • Coordinates organizational cash flow needs with retail cash flow needs.

Advancement

  • Working with the Director of Advancement, establishes detailed goals and supporting activities for the year that increase the amount of funds raised for the Society.
  • In coordination with the Director of Advancement, assists in the development of concepts and plans for key programs and events to enhance and support the Society’s fundraising efforts.

Human Resources and Staffing

  • Develops and implements appropriate human resource policies related to payroll, benefits, and general employment.
  • Manages personnel and makes staffing decisions as appropriate. Provides regular feedback to staff regarding performance, strengths and areas for development.
  • In coordination with the Executive Director, maintains a positive working environment and enhances teamwork, employee communications and morale.

This position will be required to work out of the PSC office in Charleston, SC. All qualified candidates should apply by submitting a cover letter and resume via email prior to September 6, 2019 to Hiring Manager at preserve@preservationsociety.org. No telephone calls, please.

Share

The PSC is hiring a Full Time Retail Associate

Retail Sales Associate – Full-Time

Due to continued sales growth, The Preservation Society is able to add an additional full-time sales position in The Shop located at 147 King Street.

The PSC bookstore has been a primary resource for local and regional titles for nearly four decades, and we have expanded our selection of books in every genre to create a true old-school bookstore experience for our customers. Additionally, the gift shop has become the local resource for outstanding products made in Charleston and the surrounding area. Our featured brands include Brackish (the largest selection found anywhere), Smithey Cast Iron,
J. Stark luggage, and Add Libb handbags. Our Charleston Maker program has been featured in Condé Nast and USA Today.

This is not a standard retail job. No big corporation. No silly conference calls. Just mission-driven, story-telling, customer interaction. Everyone on staff contributes to all facets of the business from selling, to purchasing, to stocking, to cleaning, to merchandising. Mainly, we all represent The Preservation Society in providing a genuine Charleston experience for our guests. If you are not familiar with The Preservation Society of Charleston, please visit preservationsociety.org. We will also be expanding our retail website, so any experience in online retailing is a plus.

Retail specialty selling experience is helpful, but not critical. We are mainly seeking individuals who really want to be here and are looking for a meaningful retail opportunity. Associates will also expected to be involved in other PSC functions such as our annual Carolopolis Awards celebration and other events throughout the year.

The store is open every day, with limited, seasonal evenings. Weekend availability is expected. This full-time position is salaried, paying $30,000.

If interested, please submit a cover letter and resume via email to: Andy Archie at aarchie@preservationsociety.org. No telephone calls, please.

Share